January 14, 2008
Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
Basho is 80 kilometers (50 miles) in diameter. Tolstoj is 390 kilometers (240 miles) in diameter.
This striking high-resolution view of Mercury's horizon is a mosaic
of multiple, individually acquired, MDIS images. Visible near the horizon are two named impact craters: Basho and Tolstoj. Basho
can be distinguished as the crater just a little below the center of this image, with a distinctive collar of dark material and a set of bright rays that radiate outward from the crater. The bright rays indicate that Basho is relatively young. The dark material around Basho's rim may represent rocks with a different chemical composition that lie below Mercury's surface but were exposed by the impact event that created Basho. To the northeast of Basho is the much larger Tolstoj
impact basin. Tolstoj can be seen in this image as a broad annulus of dark material enclosing an expanse of brighter terrain. Could it be that this dark material is similar to Basho's and was also excavated from below Mercury's surface when the Tolstoj-forming impact occurred? MESSENGER's orbital mission will provide a variety of data needed to investigate this question and many others aimed at understanding the composition of Mercury's crust and its variation both laterally and with depth.
Credit: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington
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